Profiles

Professor MIURA Shuichi

Affiliations :

The terrain of the heart, the light of wisdom

Blood feuds between relatives are common all around the world, and so we find in the Confucian classical text Mencius an account of Emperor Shun, who had to protect the throne and his own life from his father, stepmother, and half-brother. “Shun’s father made him clean the well. When Shun descended into the well, his father covered it with a lid. Shun’s brother rode to his palace to claim all the property for himself. But Shun was already there – he had found a way to escape from the well. His little brother went red from shame at that unexpected turn of events. Shun, however, heartily welcomed his brother, for they hardly stayed in touch”. Was his joy hypocritical? When a disciple asked Mencius about that, Mencius replied:
“Xiang appeared to have come out of love for his older brother. What is hypocritical about Shun’s being rejoiced?”
Mencius’ interpretation of this story was informed by his belief in the inherent goodness of humans. Following his argument, Zhu Xi, who lived during the Southern Song Dynasty, suggested that Shun’s joy was nothing else but the manifestation of the “moral principle” that unmistakably distinguished Shun as a saint. He proceeded to insist that while it might be hard to follow Shun’s example, this “moral principle” was innate to all humans. At the end of the Ming Dynasty voices were raised against Zhu Xi’s interpretation. The alternative reading claimed that it was precisely the unavoidable hypocrisy that Shun had truly wanted to express. But this is also but one opinion. I always enjoy an encounter with a text like this, which gets to the remotest corners of the heart and shines rays of wisdom from multiple directions.

  • Research, History
  • Books, papers, etc.
  • Courses
    Chinese Thought (General Lecture); Chinese Thought (Introductory Reading); Chinese Thought (Special Lecture); Chinese Thought (Seminar)
    Personal History
    Graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Completed the doctoral program (without a doctoral degree) in Chinese philosophy at the Department of Chinese Philosophy, Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Completed long-term training and/or academic exchange programs at the Institute of Religious Studies, Sichuan University; the Harvard-Yenching Institute; and the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica

    Career:
    Research Associate, Department of Oriental Studies, Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University
    Lecturer, Faculty of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Current position
    Degree
    Ph.D. (Literature)
    Field
    Intellectual history of early modern China
    Research Subject
    Various aspects of the three religions ― Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism ― in early modern China;
    Neo-Daoism;
    Imperial examination system for civil servants during the Ming dynasty
    Keywords
    Shingaku; Daoism; Chinese imperial examination system for civil servants
    Affiliation
    The Sinological Society of Japan; The Toho Gakkai (The Institute of Eastern Culture); etc.
    Database of Researchers Information
    http://db.tohoku.ac.jp/whois/detail/6085409a3dda4dae201bc3a11f26bc51.html
  • Books
    『中国心学の稜線-元朝の知識人と儒道仏三教』、研文出版、2003
    『科挙と性理学-明代思想史新探』、研文出版、2016
    Academic Papers
    「明朝提学官与各省郷試」
    "The Profound Intent of Valuing Both Men and Laws", ACTA ASIATICA 110, 39-59
    「王門朱得之の師説理解とその荘子注」、北海道大学出版会、2012、337-365