Profiles

Professor KOBAYASHI Takashi

Affiliations :

Join us in recording dialects!

Dialects, which are my research subject, are obviously a type of cultural heritage, but they are such a mundane phenomenon that many people do not understand their importance. Now, however, language standardization has driven Japanese traditional dialects to the brink of extinction. There is little time left for us to record them for future generations. I am currently doing a survey of one thousand sites all over Japan. In addition, every year we conduct fieldwork research on the local dialects of Tohoku region together with students. Our priority is to record and open to the public the dialects of the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (https://www.sinsaihougen.jp/). I hope that you will also get interested in regional dialects and join us in recording them. Even a small effort will surely result in most valuable documents, and collected data should reveal various new facts about regional culture and history. For instance, the postcard you have probably seen, “The exclamations people make when they fail”, was created using the results of a nationwide survey. It is clear that expressions of surprise in Kansai are indeed unique to the region. We can suggest that history of surprise and surprised exclamations in Japan is reflected in its dialects.

  • Research, History
  • Books, papers, etc.
  • Courses
    Japanese Linguistics (General Lecture); Japanese Linguistics (Special Lecture); Japanese Linguistics (Seminar); Variation of Japanese (Advanced Lecture); Structure of Japanese (Advanced Seminar)
    Personal History
    Born Niigata Prefecture.
    Received a B.A. in linguistics at Tohoku University
    Completed the doctoral program at Tohoku University

    Career:
    Researcher, Senior Researcher, Language Change Division, National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics
    Current position
    Degree
    Ph.D. (Literature)
    Field
    Dialectology; Japanese Language History
    Research Subject
    1) Dialectological study of Japanese language history;
    2) Dialectological aspects of interjections and onomatopoeia in verbal communication;
    3) Dialects of the Tohoku disaster area and restoration of the region
    Keywords
    Dialect; Japanese language history; communication; discourse; verbal behavior; interjection; onomatopoeia; the Great East Japan Earthquake
    Affiliation
    The Society for Japanese Linguistics; Dialectological Circle of Japan; The Japanese Association of Sociolinguistic Sciences; The Linguistic Society of Japan; The Phonetic Society of Japan; The Society for Research in Kunten Language
    Database of Researchers Information
    http://db.tohoku.ac.jp/whois/detail/7cf1ff8ed0820232f370e71cf7413bc3.html
  • Books
    『方言学的日本語史の方法』、ひつじ書房、2004
    『方言が明かす日本語の歴史』、岩波書店、2006
    『シリーズ方言学1~4』、岩波書店、2007・2008
    『方言を救う、方言で救う-3.11被災地からの提言』、ひつじ書房、2013
    『柳田方言学の現代的意義』、ひつじ書房、2014
    『ものの言いかた西東』、岩波書店、2014
    Academic Papers
    「配慮表現の地理的・社会的変異」、『日本語の配慮表現の多様性』、野田尚史・高山善行・小林隆編、くろしお出版、2014
    「あいさつ表現の発想法と方言形成-入店のあいさつを例に-」、『柳田方言学の現代的意義』、小林隆編、ひつじ書房、2014
    「方言形成論の到達点と課題-方言周圏論を核として-(改定版)」、『柳田方言学の現代的意義』、小林隆編、ひつじ書房、2014
    「猫の呼び声の地理的研究-動物に対する感動詞-」、『感動詞の言語学』、友定賢治編、ひつじ書房、2015
    「東北方言の特質-言語的発想法の視点から-」益岡隆志編『日本語研究とその可能性』、開拓社、2015
    Awards
    2004 11th Shinmura Izuru Prize
    1986 23rd Kindaichi Kyōsuke Memorial Prize