Professor ŌKI Kazuo

Affiliations :

Old, but new: the world of ancient Japanese grammar

For many of you, I suppose, Japanese literature classes mean studying classical grammar, such as the grammatical phenomenon of kakarimusubi or auxiliary verbs of the past -ki and -keri. Since you have learnt those rules in your Literature class, it might seem that you know it all, but that is not the case. For instance, very different interpretations of kakarimusubi are offered nowadays. Of course, everyone agrees that the particle zo changes the final verb of the sentence to the attributive form rentaikei. But opinions diverge about the exact function of kakarimusubi. You probably know from your classes that it was used for poetic emphasis, but what exactly did it emphasize and how? Some researchers even suggest that kakarimusubi has nothing to do with emphasis in the first place. As you can see, classical Japanese grammar called forth all sorts of questions in the past, but new doubts and inquiries keep appearing even now. I research various problems posed by ancient Japanese grammar contrasting it against modern Japanese grammar.

  • Research, History
  • Books, papers, etc.
  • Courses
    Japanese Linguistics (General Lecture); Japanese Linguistics (Special Lecture); Japanese Linguistics (Reading)
    Personal History
    Received B.A. in Japanese linguistics at the Faculty of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Completed the doctoral program (without a doctoral degree) at the Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University

    Research Associate, Faculty of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, Saitama University
    Associate Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University
    Current position
    Ph.D. (Literature)
    Japanese Linguistics
    Research Subject
    History of Japanese grammar;
    Japanese language history;
    Japanese grammar;
    History of Japanese linguistics
    The Society for Japanese Linguistics; The Society of Japanese Grammar; The Society for Research in Kunten Language; Japan Society for Historical Linguistics; The Linguistic Society of Japan
    Database of Researchers Information
  • Books
    『山田文法の現代的意義』、ひつじ書房、2010(editor; with Saitō Michiaki)
    『日本語史叙述の方法』、ひつじ書房、2016 (editor; with Tamon Yasunori)
    Academic Papers
    「古代日本語動詞基本形の時間的意味」、『国語と国文学』、86 (11)、2009、21-31